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Global Cities at Tate Modern

Books, Music Video / Film

Posted by Eliza Williams, 26 July 2007, 13:35    Permalink    Comments (11)


Overcrowding never looked so attractive. As part of the Tate Modern’s current exhibition, Global Cities, on display in the gallery’s vast Turbine Hall, is a series of intriguing “density models”. The plywood structures were created by a team of designers and architects at the London School Of Economics, led by Professor Richard Burdett. The models are shaped around the outlines of each city, with each layer of plywood representing an extra 200 people per square kilometre. We spoke to the team behind their creation...

“To create the models, we calculated a 3D surface representing residential density in each city and then extracted the contour lines for those with Geographic Information System software,” explains the LSE team’s Bruno Moser. “Those were then processed by modelmakers Pipers, cut and assembled.”

Global Cities addresses the major issues facing today’s cities – size, speed, form, density and diversity. It evolved out of a previous exhibition included in last year’s Architecture Biennale in Venice. The density models first made their appearance there, where styrofoam forms ingeniously represented the populations of 12 of the world’s major urban centres. For the Tate show, only four models were made, representing the populations of Greater London, Cairo, Mexico City and Mumbai, allowing a more sophisticated model to be developed.

A view from the upper level of the Global Cities exhibition, designed by Pentagram’s Angus Hyland
and William Russell, overlooking the Density exhibit. The exhibition, which fills Tate Modern’s enormous
Turbine Hall, is constructed using scaffolding and was installed in just 18 days. Photograph: Ed Reeve.

“The brief was to find a way of representing the mass of statistical information in the Turbine Hall that would engage and invite people to explore it,” says Pentagram’s William Russell, who designed the exhibition with Angus Hyland. “We were trying to approach an audience that’s not necessarily an architectural one. I don’t think it dumbs down the information but makes it understandable and clear.”

As it was only possible to include four density models in the exhibition, cities showing the extremes were chosen. The results graphically show that Londoners have nothing to complain about compared to the residents of Cairo or Mumbai, with the models for these two cities towering over the others, revealing the vast quantities of people that are crammed into a far smaller geographical space.

Perhaps the most beautiful model though is for Mexico City, with its pockets of low population areas making for a particularly elegant sculptural effect. “People relate to it because it’s something three-dimensional and maybe because it’s a shape they recognise,” continues Moser. “It allows them to understand the city from a completely different angle.”

Models representing population density in Mumbai...

Cairo – which weighs in at one-and-a-half tonnes and caused the biggest headache
for the curators, due to its extreme height. Photographs: Nick Turner

Mexico City...

and London.

Global Cities is on show at the Tate Modern until 27 August.


Just what London needs right now - more scaffolding.
2007-07-28 08:34:45

Unfortunate this is only up until Aug 27. Mumbai is totally the new Mexico City.
2007-07-30 03:32:35

Good job, Q.
2007-08-07 11:43:23

Wrong place for this. Put it in the science museum. Looks interesting but the Turbine Hall is for art. Surely. This looks like a visualization of data with scaffolding holding it up. The extrusions of population are clever. Go on tell me this is an art installation, not a 3D Readers Digest Atlas.
2007-08-08 20:59:25

Amazingly similar to a termite mound..! Good stuff.
Nathan Garnett
2007-09-12 10:33:52

Hey, that was interesting,

this does look like something that would look great in the science museum, and im sure even more apprciated there, but they do look great...i particularly like mumbai

software development london
2009-10-13 15:29:55

These are excellent models. Specially the one showing population of mumbai.
Freelance website
2010-10-29 07:18:33

Looks interesting but the Turbine Hall is for art. Surely. This looks like a visualization of data with scaffolding holding it up.
2010-12-06 18:59:05

The idea is appreciable,ask them, encourage them for more good work.
Medical billing
2011-06-02 19:17:08

Very interesting. I was actually at the Tate Modern a few days ago and the current work on show is nowhere near the quality of this. Although they do have a Roy Lichtenstein exhibit this week...
Andrew Isidoro
2013-02-21 17:22:59

This was an interesting exhibit at the Tate.

I would love to see this form of modelling done with Aberdeen, but I confess it is currently a stretch to class Aberdeen as a global city :)
2013-08-22 17:53:25

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