Two Tone: the graphics
In 1979, fresh from art college, David Storey joined the team that, under the creative direction of The Specials’ Jerry Dammers, created the graphic identity for the band and their label, Two Tone. While the fashion ‘look’ for Two Tone was already well established – shiny suits, thin ties, pork pie hats and penny loafers all topped-off with a pair of Rayban Wayfarers – Storey and his partner John ‘Teflon’ Sims, helped create the visuals to go with it. Now devoting his time to painting, David Storey talked to CR about his work.
CR: How did you first get into designing for the music industry?
While still at art college I was commissioned by Rocket Records to produce artwork for two Elton John tracks: 'Someone Saved My Life Tonight' and 'Island Girl', this work proved to be a stepping stone to a full-time job at Chrysalis Records once I'd graduated.
CR: The Two Tone work was done with John Sims – how did that partnership work?
John 'Teflon' Sims and I met at Chrysalis and subsequently worked together as a team for over ten years! We were responsible for a huge amount of Two Tone graphics. As well as the sleeves, we produced hundreds of promotional items: posters, adverts, T-shirts, badges etc. John is a superb 'Swiss School' typographer while my strength tended to be on the pictorial/collage side, so we made a good team. After working in the music industry together we spent several years designing graphics for the Danish fashion company Inwear/Matinique.
CR: Two Tone had a very specific look in terms of the fashions worn by the musicians – how was that translated into a visual language for the sleeves and posters?
When the Two Tone label was launched, with the release of 'Gangsters' by The Specials, the fashion 'look' was already well established. It originated in Jamaica and was known as the Rude Boy look: shiny zoot suits, thin ties, pork pie hats, penny loafers... topped-off with a pair of Rayban Wayfarers... the most obvious reference to this in the label's identity is the Two Tone man, known as Walt Jabsco.
CR: How involved was Jerry Dammers? What influence did he have?
Jerry Dammers, the Specials keyboard player, was the brains and creative driving force behind the Two Tone label. He had an obsessive approach to the visuals and worked very closely with John and I on everything right down to the most minute detailing. The entire visual approach came from Jerry, he wanted everything to have a fresh, simple, direct, home-spun, feel. He was great to work with but extremely demanding.
CR: Can you explain who (or rather what) Walt Jabsco was and how he came into being?
As I remember it Jerry had an old vintage bowling shirt which had the name Walt Jabsco embroidered on the front and this name just seemed to get transfered to the Two Tone man. The drawing of the man was based on a photo Jerry had of Peter Tosh.
CR: Why the checkerboard graphic?
As well as being literally made up of two tones the checkerboard pattern was meant to symbolise racial harmony, which is a brilliant idea as Two Tone was a fusion of black and white youth culture. It was first used in 1979 on the paper bag that 'Gangsters' was sold in.
CR: You have described your Two Tone work as having an anti-design aesthetic – can you explain what you mean?
Our whole approach was what you might call 'none design' meaning that Jerry would root out any attempts by John and I to introduce gratuitous design embellishments. This ruthless weeding process resulted in bold, simple, direct graphics and is probably the main reason that the Two Tone style has such an enduring impact.
CR: What do you feel about the Two Tone work now looking back on it?
I am very proud of it. Partly because of its timeless appeal, partly because of it was integral to the success of the Two Tone label – but mainly because it packaged and promoted a unique style of music... dance music that conveyed important social and political messages to a huge audience. Probably the best examples of this are 'Ghost Town' and 'Nelson Mandela', both by The Specials.
CR: Does graphic design play such a central role in music and youth culture today? If not why not?
Personally I think graphic art is alive and well in today's youth culture... it's different, diverse and it's everywhere of course. I see remarkable things happening in the gaming industry and animation in particular. Most people download their music now so you don't see many record sleeves around. Although I did see one the other day that made me smile... my 11 year old daughter showed me a Lily Allen release, 'Blank Expression' , which is packaged in a perfect replica of the original Two Tone paper sleeve!
Storey and Sims have recently released a set of some of their finest Two Tone posters in limited editions of 100 Giclée prints, printed on fine art paper, available to buy from Storey's website. CR readers can win a copy of the We Are 2 Tone print in a competition in our July issue, out June 25.
Also available from Stoorey's site are prints of his work for The Housemartins
Useful site for me,..i can learn more about visual communications & creative methods. maybe we can share all about creative things that come from our original culture. good luck & thanks...
wow, these are just... GREAT!
These were the days that graphics had a statement, a matter. Not just a fiddle w. photoshop.
vojta the old school skinhead
Along with Barney Bubbles this work definitely made me want to be a graphic designer without knowing it at teh time. Self taught but now running my own agency with some major brands under our wing I'd like to pay thanks to the artwork that started the ball rolling for me back in 79.
I have recently seen the Specials on their 30th Anniversary Tour, and I have to say they were brilliant, THE best performance I have ever seen. I was into all the SKA/New Wave stuff of the post punk late 70's and early 80's and I can vividly remember hand lettering 'the specials' logotype on my army navy rucksack cover with Walt Jabsco under it. (I would love tohave that bag now!) I was 10 and never got to see the band, but the graphics and type must have played a roll in my career choice.
Here's to 30 more years.
the graphics simple as "2 tone", or black & white, next to each other. just as the music. but so pwerfull & full of energy. a way to live and create!
Dave - ditto. Ditto re both the gig (Brixton - amazing) and the Army surplus bag (although mine had The Jam spray can logo penned on as well!).
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