Review: The Phaidon Archive of Graphic Design
The Phaidon Archive of Graphic Design is a boxed edition of 500 A4 cards detailing some of the world's most important examples of the medium. At 13kg it's an object with some presence, but how will it weigh up with readers?
A selection of the 500 cards that make up the Phaidon Archive
While its considerable size and loose leaf format initially makes you wonder 'isn't this what the iPad is really good at?', handling each of the individual cards – the cover of Eric Gill's Typography (1931), or of an issue of David Carson's Beach Culture (1990), for example – reminds you that when print works well, it can work like nothing else.
Front and reverse of card detailing Eric Gill's book, Typography, 1931
In a sense the packaging (the large box comes harnessed in a sturdy carrying handle) is a bit of a distraction: the content is the main event here. It's a pleasure just to sit and look through the range of magazines and newspapers, posters and advertisements, typefaces, logos, symbols, books, album covers and motion graphics, which have been selected by a panel of designers, writers, critics and historians. (In the name of full disclosure both myself and CR's Eliza contributed research to the project but weren't involved in the selection process.)
This is Phaidon's stab at a graphic design canon and judging by the editorial process outlined in the foreword – thousands of entries were whittled down to 500 – it's been a considerable undertaking. The Archive's introductory text also explains the reasoning behind displaying the work across 500 large-format double-sided cards, instead of making a 1,000-plus page book, or an app. Primarily, Phaidon claim, this enables the reader to easily organise the work however they like; to siphon off just the posters, symbols, or book covers, or even to display the images as prints.
Card showing Catherine Zask's Rain poster for L'Hippodrome de Douai, 2001
And despite the pull of the digital potential for something like this, it doesn't feel like the publisher's explanation is post-rationalising the design approach. It strikes me that being able to simply pull out individual entries will appeal (and be of practical use) to creative professionals, and something the general reader will equally enjoy. Each card boasts a single, well produced image of the particular work on the front, the reverse features a selection of additional related images and a few hundred words of text.
Poster for M/MINK, designed by M/M (Paris), on left; and Werk No.17 for Eley Kishimoto by Theseus Chan
The 500 picture cards also put more emphasis on the reader to act – to compare and contrast, to make connections between works that are perhaps centuries apart. Readers can arrange the cards to any theme they desire, too, and dividers are supplied with the set in order to categorise by format – 'Book Cover', 'Identity', 'Film Graphics' and so on.
Ver Sacrum magazine designed by Alfred Roller, 1898
The cards are initially arranged in chronological order, with work dating from 1377 to 2012, and it's a treat to dip into the various styles, schools, tastes and production methods bookended on one side by the Gutenberg Bible and the Nuremberg Chronicles, and dot dot dot magazine and Leftloft's Documenta art festival designs on the other. Phaidon plan to issue further batches of cards in the future, so that the Archive can be updated both with historical additions and recent projects.
David Carson's Beach Culture magazine, 1990
One point to note, however, is how well the cards will stand up to repeated viewings. Entries of course have to be put back in the correct place in order to be found again later (not a tricky concept, but one likely to go awry when the cards are routinely referenced) and this could make for a less than enjoyable user experience. The emphasis is firmly on interacting with the work, but the down side to this is that once cards are removed from their slot in the system, the system starts to fall apart. And that's something that conventional books, with their fixed pages and indexes housed reliably at the back, don't really have to worry about.
Another issue is the standing Phaidon places on its own printed products within the the centuries of graphic design collected here. As a "client", Phaidon actually has the largest number of projects represented in the Archive – five are listed in the index. Of course, with names like Alan Fletcher and Irma Boom directly associated with the creation of some of the company's most famous books (Fletcher designed both The Art Book and his own The Art of Looking Sideways; Boom the Hella Jongerius monograph) some crossover is perhaps to be expected. But out of 500 pieces, to devote five entries to one's own publications – the Bauhaus is cited twice; Monotype, three times – seems a little surprising.
The Great Ideas series from Penguin, art directed by David Pearson
That said, the sweep of the selection is exciting and impressive and it does feel like the biggest decision – to print each of the entries as a single page, instead of binding them in book form or formatting them for screen – went the right way. The temptation to digitise all the content must have been considerable (and will no doubt happen soon), but it's impressive to see print fighting back like this.
At £144 the Archive is perhaps not quite as accessible as it thinks it is, but it goes some way to suggesting what the most significant and visually arresting moments in the history of graphic design might be.
The Phaidon Archive of Graphic Design, Phaidon; £144 (shipping end of September). More details at phaidon.com. At this year's designjunction event, which takes place at The Sorting Office on New Oxford Street in London, Phaidon will be running a daily exhibition of The Phaidon Archive of Graphic Design alongside a pop-up bookstore. There will also be a programme of daily author signings, competitions, and free drop-in talks.
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Steep? That's effing vertical.
Something about this format that would really bug me.
I would want to select a few to hang up on the wall but it would irk me that would make the box incomplete, yet it would feel wasteful having them tucked away in a box but not having any on the wall!
I find the notion of definitive collection on loose cards at odds. Books have reverence, cards you collect.
If they wanted to do something different to a book then I think something like a monthly subscription would work better for the card format - keep it open ended and let the individual store/categorise as they wish.
Oh and the box it comes in is so ugly.
I agree that handling a well printed item is much more of an experience than flicking some pages over on an electronic pad device.
Graphic design in print, when presented well is beautiful and lets not forget nice to touch. If your a fan of the Phaidon graphic design range this is worth a look.
There is something nice about collecting printed items as opposed to having everything as an ebook.
Really looking forward to this. Looks like a fantastic reference for designers young and old.
Great to read some of the rationale behind the format and to see print fighting it's corner (even though a digital version would also be a worthy resource).
The idea of future additions is an exciting concept that challenges the finite permanence of a bound book whilst also playing up to the desire for collection and completion (and no doubt to the vast majority of designers' obsessive compulsive natures!).
I do however have to agree with mark that the box could have been so much more. It bares resemblance to some sort of survival kit!
Couldn't agree more with Mark
Here we go - you can judge a book by looking at the cover, but you have to remember that doesn't say anything about the contents!
I suppose the carrying straps are useful, but I will be happy to strip them off once the box is home and can sit on a shelf, and its decoration is a reminder of the file boxes once so ubiquitous.
But yes, the content is the thing and I'll be pleased to see someone else's view of good design over such a long period. Reference box, or is it simply another toy?
I would love to own and play around with this. As a student £144 is way out of my league, and I hope if the digital comes that it will be more reasonable. I love books, prints, album covers, etc and would get some pleasure from handling the physical cards, but I am sure the concepts and ideas will still have a superb impact in digital form.
I was bought this as a present and it is truly inspirational. Beautifully produced and thought out. I love the fact the images are on different sheets as opposed to a book as it means you can compare and contrast designs, put them up on a wall, organise them in different categories. To me it shows how powerful print still is, and it is a reference tool that I will never get bored of...