In 2014, we wrote about Atkinson’s first detailed look at this subject: his documentation of soldiers’ inventories from a range of campaigns and battles including Hastings (1066), Bosworth (1485) and Naseby (1645), up to the Falklands (1982) and Helmand Province, Afghanistan – the latter showing the kit used by a Close Support Sapper of the Royal Engineers.
Atkinson’s latest series, which again appeared in the Telegraph magazine (Saturday June 18), looks at the military kits used by Britain, France, Germany, Russia and the US during the First World War.
Christopher Howse’s article which accompanied the images contains some sobering observations on how the kits evolved during the course of the war. For example, “When the Americans entered the war in 1917, they wore campaign hats of beaver-coloured felt with a cord band,” Howse writes.
“They quickly opted for French or British steel helmets, settling on the latter. The Germans began by wearing boots that covered the calves. These might be pulled off by the mud of no man’s land. Leather shortages led to the adoption of ankle boots worn with puttees – strips of bandage wound around the lower leg.
“As for camouflage, the French started the war with red trousers and red kepis on their heads. The kepis were soon covered in duller fabric, as was the steel Adrian helmet introduced in 1915. All sides carried a cut-throat razor, a needle and thread, and a little Bible, prayer book or icon.”
The equipment featured in Atkinson’s series comes from a range of collectors – Nigel Bristow (The Queen’s Own Royal West Kent Regiment) supplied the kit from a British Sergeant in the Battle of the Somme, 1916; while Paul Bristow (Croix de Guerre Living History Group) provided the equipment as used by a French Private Soldier in the Battle of Verdun, 1916 and a German Private in the Battle of the Somme.
Interestingly, the kit belonging to a member of the Russian army was in fact used by a member of the 1st Russian Women’s Battalion of Death (supplied by Bruce Chopping, Ian Skinner and Laura Whitehouse of the 1914-21 Society).
“In 1917, before the Bolshevik October revolution, battalions of women soldiers were formed,” Howse writes. “This kit is of a mladshi unteroficier (junior NCO).”
Howse also notes that the female soldiers, like their male counterparts, wore a pullover shirt-tunic called a ‘gymnasterka’. “The hood with two tails laid out next to [the helmets and hats on the left] is a bashlik, worn over the head and wrapped around the face. Soldiers were forbidden to wear it unless the temperature had fallen below -5C.”